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Effects of Cooling Rates on Thermal Profiles and Microstructure of Aluminium 7075

Asnul Hadi, Ahmad and Naher, Sumsun and Brabazon, D. (2014) Effects of Cooling Rates on Thermal Profiles and Microstructure of Aluminium 7075. International Journal of Automotive and Mechanical Engineering (IJAME), 9. pp. 1685-1694. ISSN 2180-1606

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Abstract

The effects of different cooling rates on thermal profiles and microstructures of aluminium 7075 are presented in this paper. The 7075 alloy was heated in a graphite crucible to 750 °C. In the experimental work two thermocouples were used to record the temperatures at the centre and 30 mm from the centre of the graphite crucible. A slow cooling rate condition was achieved by placing the crucible into a chamber with Kaowool insulation. A higher cooling rate was achieved by placing the crucible in open atmosphere with controlled air flow over the crucible. The slow and high cooling rates were 0.03 °C/s and 0.4 °C/s respectively. The Data Acquisition (DAQ) system implemented using LabVIEW software to record the temperature-time profiles. Using Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA), the enthalpy of phase change at each temperature was estimated from the cooling curves. The changes of cooling rate were directly related to phase transformation including at liquidus, eutectic and solidus temperatures. The dendritic coherency point (DCP) was determined from analysis of the temperature difference between two thermocouples. The formation of DCP was found to be delayed with use of the slow cooling rate. DCP occurred at 610.2 °C (0.75 fraction solid) for the slow cooling rate and at 633.1 °C (0.3 fraction solid) for the higher cooling rate. The microstructure features were also found to alter significantly with the different cooling rates used. The microstructure was more spheroidal for the higher cooling rate compared with the slow cooling rate.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Semi-solid metal; Thermal profile; Aluminium 7075; Dendritic coherency point; Spheroidal microstructure
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Farah Najwa Subli
Date Deposited: 25 Mar 2014 04:49
Last Modified: 16 May 2018 03:56
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/4064
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