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Assessment of Heavy Metals Tolerance in Leaves, Stems and Flowers of Stevia Rebaudiana plant

Ahmad Ziad, Sulaiman and Erna Wati, Ibnu Hajar and Mimi Sakinah, A. M. (2014) Assessment of Heavy Metals Tolerance in Leaves, Stems and Flowers of Stevia Rebaudiana plant. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 20. pp. 386-393. ISSN 1878-0296 (print); 1878-0296 (online)

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Abstract

Stevia has become rather widespread over a wide range of climatic locations around the world and can apparently be successfully grown under different cultivation conditions. Heavy metal accumulation of Stevia extract is dependent on obtaining heavy metals from the soil and water. Heavy metals from plant sources may also vary from place to place because soil heavy metals content varies geographically, thus, they have become the subject of many research projects. Stevia plant is easily contaminated during growth, development and processing and for this, an extensive research is needed to explore the characteristics of the heavy metal produced by the plant. The heavy metals produced from the herb and its toxicity of Stevia plant is not well documented and scientific evidence is limited to establishing Stevia plant as a medicinal plant. The samples were collected from Malacca, Malaysia. The fresh leaves, stems and flowers of the Stevia rebaudiana plant were dried using oven equipment and were grinded until fine to make powder and then of each extracted using Microwave digester. The analysis of samples was carried out by using an Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass-Spectrophotometer (ICP-MS) with different mode equipment to compare results of heavy metals in Stevia rebaudiana plant. Heavy metal accumulation in Stevia rebaudiana from leaves, stems, and flowers extraction is reported. Heavy metals in leaves, stems and flowers of Stevia rebaudiana presented variety of elements such as As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mg, Pb, Se, Zn, Al, Ag, Co, Ca, Mn and Ni. The high tolerance to heavy metals in leaves, stems, and flowers of Stevia rebaudiana were presented at fifteen parameters below the permissible limit in plant and can be used as food product or therapeutic agent in traditional medicine.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Indexed in Google Scholar. Special issue: The 4th International Conference on Sustainable Future for Human Security SUSTAIN 2013
Uncontrolled Keywords: Heavy metals; Leaves; Stems; Flowers; Stevia rebaudiana; Microwave digester; ICP-MS
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: yaa
Date Deposited: 23 May 2014 07:40
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2018 06:25
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/5607
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