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Mixtures of S.rebaudiana Leaves and Stems Waste for Steviol g. (Steviosides) Synthesis Using Ethanol-Water Solvents

Said, N. and Zulkarnain, Jema'at and Nurfariha F., Zakaria and Ahmad Z., Sulaiman (2013) Mixtures of S.rebaudiana Leaves and Stems Waste for Steviol g. (Steviosides) Synthesis Using Ethanol-Water Solvents. In: Malaysian Technical Universities Conference on Engineering & Technology (MUCET 2013), 3-4 December 2013 , Kuantan, Pahang. pp. 1-3..

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Abstract

The s.rebaudiana leaves is used for steviol g. (steviosides) synthesis, but its stems were discarded without processing for added value products, thus this work aim to defeat this issues by using the mixtures of s.rebaudiana leaves and stems waste as an alternative feed stock for steviosides. The steviosides are originating from S. rebaudiana plants which has up 300 times sweetener than sugar from sugar cane (1), and better in term of taste quality due to less bitter than reboudiosides A (2,3,4). Among 150 stevia species, the only one with significant sweet tasting properties is S. rebaudiana (7,8). The stevia extracts may benefit people at risk of diabetes, as they may help to control blood glucose level (9,10). The steviosides synthesis was conducted by ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE)using ethanol-water as combination of polarity solvents. The mixture of S. rebaudiana stems and leaves were dried in open shade then milled to 60 mesh powder using grinder. Then, a sample of 500mg of the mixture of S. rebaudiana stems and leaves powder was sonicated with 50 mL of different percentage of ethanol in water (80:20, 60:40,40:60,20:80,100:0, v/v) in an ultrasonicator bath at various temperature from 200C – 500C for time of 10 minutes to 50 minutes. After extraction, the supernatant was filtered through microfiber filter disk using vacuum pump filter. The combined percolations were evaporated to dryness on a rotary evaporator at 550C and dissolved in water. Then the sample were analyzed by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) using Eurospher 100 – 5 NH 2 column at flow rate of 1mL/m3 and temperature of 350C. Next, the 2.5 mg of the standard solution were prepared by diluting with 80% ethanol in water into volumetric flask respectively in prior to sonicate them for 15 minutes. Beside that, standard solutions were prepared before running the HPLC. The prepared solutions were diluted by the stock solution of 0.25 mg/mL into a 10 ml volumetric flask for concentration ranging from 0.001 to 0. It was found, the mixtures of s.rebaudiana leaves and stems has been successfully synthesized for steviosides. The synthesis process has been affected by the variation of parameters such as time, temperature, and ratio of solvent to water. The maximum yield of 2.81 % was resulted by the time of 30 min, temperature of 40oC and ratio of ethanol-water of 40 : 10 (v/v) or 80 : 20 (v/v). The kinetics of steviosides synthesisapproved the second-order kinetic yielding good R 2 values from of 0.997 and k values of 0.031.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Uncontrolled Keywords: S.rebaudiana leaves and stems waste; Steviosides; Polarity solvents and UAE
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: ina
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2014 01:34
Last Modified: 21 May 2018 07:33
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/5693
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