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Biohydrogen Production from Palm Oil Mill Effluent Using Immobilized Mixed Culture

Singh, Lakhveer and Siddiqui, Muhammad Faisal and Ahmad, Anwer and Mohd Hasbi, Ab. Rahim and Mimi Sakinah, A. M. and Zularisam, A. W. (2013) Biohydrogen Production from Palm Oil Mill Effluent Using Immobilized Mixed Culture. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 19 (2). pp. 659-664. ISSN 1226-086X

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Cell immobilization techniques were adopted to bio-hydrogen production using immobilized anaerobic sludge as the seed culture. Palm oil mill ef�uent (POME) was used as the substrate carbon source. It was found that with a POME concentration of 20 g COD/l in the feed, the suspended-cell containing reactor was able to produce hydrogen at an optimal rate of 0.348 l H/(l POME h) at HRT 6 h. However, the immobilized-cell containing reactor exhibited a better hydrogen production rate of 0.589 l H2/(l POMEh), which occurred at HRT 2 h. When the immobilized-cell containing reactor was scaled up to 5 l, the hydrogen production rate was 0.500�0.588 l H/(l POME h) for HRT 2�10 h, but after a thermal treatment(60 8C, 1 h) the rate increase to 0.632 l H 22/(l POME h) at HRT 2 h. The main soluble metabolites were butyric acid and acetic acid, followed by propionic acid and ethanol.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Indexed in Scopus. IF: 1.955
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biohydrogen; Immobilized sludge; Suspended cell; Palm oil mill effluent
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Faculty of Civil Engineering & Earth Resources
Faculty of Industrial Sciences And Technology
Depositing User: ina
Date Deposited: 26 May 2014 01:37
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2018 06:56
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