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Structures and Performances of Simultaneous Ultrasound and Alkali Treated Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Fiber Reinforced Poly(lactic acid) Composites

A. K. M., Moshiul Alam and Beg, M. D. H. and Prasad, D. M. Reddy and Khan, Maksudur R. and M. F., Fina (2012) Structures and Performances of Simultaneous Ultrasound and Alkali Treated Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Fiber Reinforced Poly(lactic acid) Composites. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 43 (11). pp. 1921-1929. ISSN 1359-835X

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Abstract

In this study composites were produced using extrusion followed by injection molding with alkali and ultrasound treated oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) fibers with poly(lactic acid). The fiber content, alkali solution concentration, exposing time and treatment temperature were optimized. The optimized EFB fibers were treated with hyper branched polyester solution. The composites were characterized by tensile testing, impact testing, scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, differential scanning calorimetry and Fourier transformation infra-red spectroscopy. A significant increase in mechanical and interfacial properties was found for composites due to simultaneous alkali and ultrasound treatment.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: A. Polymer–matrix composites (PMCs); B. Mechanical properties; B. Thermal properties; E. Injection molding
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2016 04:02
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2018 06:27
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/6470
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