Analysis of Straight Vegetable Oil (SVO) Spray Characteristics at End of Injection (EOI)

Abdullah, Adam and R., Mamat and Nur Atiqah, Ramlan and Yoshiyuki, Kidoguchi and Azran, Zafri (2012) Analysis of Straight Vegetable Oil (SVO) Spray Characteristics at End of Injection (EOI). Journal of Medical and Bioengineering, 1 (1). pp. 59-62. ISSN 2301-3796. (Published)

[img] PDF
Analysis_of_Straight_Vegetable_Oil_(SVO)_Spray_Characteristics_at_End_of_Injection_(EOI).pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (808kB) | Request a copy


The depletion source and the increasing demand of fossil fuel have prompted scientists and researchers to search new alternative fuels for diesel engine. Biodiesel is seen a promising alternative fuel to reduce dependent on conventional diesel fuel. Advantages of biodiesel compared to petroleum-based diesel include high biodegradability, excellent lubricity, higher flash point, no sulfur content and produces less air pollutants. Although biodiesel has many advantages on the fuel properties, the fuel consumption rate or lower horsepower output are still need to be improved. This is due to the differences in fuel properties especially the kinematic viscosity between diesel fuel (GO), biodiesel fuel (BDF) and straight vegetable oil (SVO). In this study, the effect of kinematic viscosity of SVO on the spray behavior at End of Injection (EOI) were investigated. High kinematic viscosity of fuel highly affects the spray characteristics at EOI. In additional, high injection pressure and high kinematic viscosity of SVO apply resistance at nozzle inner hole caused needle lift cannot completely close the nozzle at EOI signal. At the EOI in which the combustion temperature inside chamber reduces promptly, many fuel droplets could not undergo a complete atomization process especially for large size of diameter fuel droplets. This phenomenon result the development of carbon deposition around the nozzle tip area and it will cover the nozzle hole. The development of carbon deposition will affect the fuel flow from nozzle. This study indicates that fuel injection pressure show no effect on SVO spray characteristics at the end of injection. Furthermore, high ambient temperature spray will reduce the kinematic viscosity value of SVO and could improve SVO spray atomization at end of injection.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodiesel, kinematic viscosity, spray characteristic, straight vegetable oil.
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Ms Suriati Mohd Adam
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2015 03:02
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2018 01:01
Download Statistic: View Download Statistics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item