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Effects of Coupling Agent and Flame Retardant on the Performances of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Fiber Reinforced Polypropylene Composites

R., Ridzuan and Beg, M. D. H. and R. M., Yunus and S., Samahani and M. H., Rohaya and A. A., Astimar and I., Zawawi (2013) Effects of Coupling Agent and Flame Retardant on the Performances of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Fiber Reinforced Polypropylene Composites. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, 7 (6). pp. 1962-1970. ISSN 2010-3778

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Abstract

Alkali treated oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) fibres (TEFBF) and untreated EFBF fibers (UEFBF) were incorporated in polypropylene (PP) with and without malic anhydride grafted PP (MAPP) and magnesium hydroxide as flame retardant (FR) to produce TEFBF-PP and UEFBF-PP composites by the melt casting method. The composites were characterized by mechanical and burning tests along with a scanning electron microscope and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The significant improvement in flexural modulus (133%) and flame retardant property (60%) of TEFBF-PP composite with MAPP and FR is observed. The improved mechanical property is discussed by the development of encapsulated textures.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Empty fruit bunch fibers, polypropylene, mechanical property, flame retardant
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2014 07:00
Last Modified: 10 Jan 2018 04:08
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/6950
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