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Separation Fermentation Products by Using Batch Distillation

Zulhazleen, Mohd Zulkipli (2012) Separation Fermentation Products by Using Batch Distillation. Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang.

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Abstract

This research aims to study the separation processes of fermentation products by using batch distillation. Technically, the main objective of the research is to study behavior of the purification of fermentation products of local nira by utilizing batch distillation . The major product from the fermentation process is ethanol. The scope of study includes the investigation of composition profile of the distillate and the others parameter to the composition profile. Nira is a fermentation product that to be expected to produce ethanol by undergo the separation process using batch distillation. The result shows the concentration can be obtained by using the standard curve . By utilizing batch distillation, the optimun condition in separation components in vinegar from nypa palm can be determine. For the effect of time the concentration of ethanol become concentrated as increasing the time. At 74 ̊C-76 ̊C the optimum product can be collected because in this stage the particle of ethanol have been nearly reached the boiling point which means the particle have enough energy to escape from the liquid form to the vapors form. The concentration of acetic acid is higher than ethanol because most of ethanol particle have been converted to the acetic acid. The highest ethanol concentration should be after 20 hours fermentation, however the vinegar solution that has been used in this experiment is more than 1 days.

Item Type: Undergraduates Project Papers
Additional Information: Project paper (Bachelor of Chemical Engineering (Gas Technology)) -- Universiti Malaysia Pahang - 2012
Uncontrolled Keywords: Distillation
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Ms Suriati Mohd Adam
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2014 01:10
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2015 09:34
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/7113
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