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Evaluation of the Photocatalytic Degradation of Pre-Treated Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) Over Pt-Loaded Titania

Cheng, C. K. and Mohd Rizauddin, Deraman and Khan, Maksudur R. (2015) Evaluation of the Photocatalytic Degradation of Pre-Treated Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) Over Pt-Loaded Titania. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering. pp. 1-10. ISSN 2213-3437

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Abstract

This paper reports the photocatalytic degradation of pre-treated palm oil mill effluent (POME) over a Pt-doped titania photocatalyst. Pt loading on the titania was varied from 0.25 to 1.0 wt% via alcohol reduction of chloroplatinic acid (H2PtCl6). XRD characterization of the photocatalysts showed that the photo-active anatase phase was still intact after the photocatalyst synthesis while the XPS spectrum confirmed that the deposited Pt was free from the Cl and existed as Pt0 and Pt4+. In addition, the UV–vis diffuse reflectance measurement indicated an improved light energy absorption in the visible light spectrum. Moreover, the band gap energy (3.16–3.17 eV) was reduced when titania was doped with Pt, compared to the pristine titania with 3.20 eV. The 0.5 wt% Pt/TiO2 photocatalyst offered the most effective degradation of pre-treated POME under the irradiation of 100 W of UV light (10%) and also visible light (11%), respectively, over a loading of 0.2 g/L. Significantly, the maximum 0.5 wt% Pt/TiO2 photocatalyst loading determined from the current work was 1.0 g/L.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Photocatalysis; Platinum; Palm oil mill effluent (POME); Titania; Wastewater
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2014 07:33
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2018 07:43
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/7467
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