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Waste Cooking Oil Transesterification using Continuous Microwave Assisted Reactor (CMAR)

Mohd Affandi, Mohd Ali and Jolius, Gimbun and Cheng, C. K. and R. M., Yunus (2015) Waste Cooking Oil Transesterification using Continuous Microwave Assisted Reactor (CMAR). In: Proceeding Book Mucet 2014 : Engineering & Technology. Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM), Melaka, pp. 269-273. ISBN 978-967-0257-53-2

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Abstract

This paper presents a waste cooking oil (WCO) transesterification using a continuous microwave assisted reactor(CMAR). The free fatty acid content and fatty acid methyl estercontents in the sample were determined using gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The results showed an efficient conversion (up to 97.0%) of WCO to biodiesel, and the highest biodiesel yield is about 92.5%. The highest conversion of 97.4% was achieved with catalyst loading of 1.0 wt.%, methanol to oil molar ratio of 10:1, reaction temperature of 60°C and the flow rate of 308 ml/min corresponding to the reaction time of 6 minutes. The biodiesel produced in this work is within the limits of the specification described by ASTM D6751.

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: 8th Malaysian Technical Universities Conference on Engineering & Technology (MUCET 2014), 10-11 November 2014, Mahkota Hotel Bandar Hilir Melaka.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodiesel; WCO; CMAR; microwave; homogeneous catalyst; plug flow reactor
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2014 06:49
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2018 04:05
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/7558
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