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Effect Of Air-Fuel Ratio on Temperature Distribution and Pollutants For Biogas Mild Combustion

M. M., Noor and Wandel, Andrew P. and Yusaf, Talal (2014) Effect Of Air-Fuel Ratio on Temperature Distribution and Pollutants For Biogas Mild Combustion. International Journal of Automotive and Mechanical Engineering (IJAME), 10. pp. 1980-1992. ISSN 1985-9325(Print); 2180-1606 (Online)

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Abstract

This paper examines the effect of air-fuel ratio for Moderate or Intense Low oxygen Dilution (MILD) combustion using a bluff-body burner. Exhaust gas recirculation was used to dilute the oxidizer stream prior to the combustion chamber. A low-calorie biogas fuel which consists of 60% methane and 40% carbon dioxide were used in the simulations using a Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes model with the realizable k-epsilon turbulence model. The chamber temperature distribution was found to be in small ranges and almost homogeneously distributed, verifying that MILD conditions were attained. The performance was evaluated based on the level of pollutants (Unburned hydrocarbons (UHC) and carbon-mono oxide (CO)) produced and measured in the exhaust gas. Slightly lean conditions produced negligible pollutants with some excess oxygen measured in the exhaust gas. Under rich conditions, UHC and CO were produced, but when synthetic air containing oxygen with a mole fraction of 7% was used as the oxidizer instead of ordinary air, these levels were significantly reduced.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: MILD combustion; biogas; air-fuel ratio; exhaust gas recirculation; unburned hydrocarbon.
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Ts. Dr. Muhamad Mat Noor
Date Deposited: 23 Dec 2014 06:46
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2019 21:47
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/7933
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