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A study on microwave-assisted extraction of zingiber aromaticum

S Muhammad Al-Hafiz, Muhammad (2009) A study on microwave-assisted extraction of zingiber aromaticum. Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering.

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Abstract

The objective of this research is to extract zingiber aromaticum essential oil by using a microwave assisted extraction (MAE) with solvent. Rhizome of zingiber aromaticum accumulates large amount of essential oil that contains bioactive sesquiterpenoid zerumbone which is widely used in medicine sectors. This research has focused on the influence of microwave power (500 Watt) at various natures of solvents and times of the extraction of zingiber aromaticum essential oil. Four types of solvents are used in this research which is ethanol, methanol, hexane and water. In this research, the methods of drying, grinding, extraction, separation and analysis are used and the sample is separated from solvents by using a rotary evaporator to get the essential oil. The sample was analyzed by using a GC-MS to identify the component of zingiber aromaticum oil. The optimum yield of zerumbone is 17.72 % at microwave power of 500 W and 10 minutes of extraction by using methanol as solvent.

Item Type: Undergraduates Project Papers
Additional Information: For FULL TEXT, email umplibrary.ir@gmail.com. Enclosed with full name, institution, state, position (student, lecturer, researcher or others) and the purpose of obtaining full text thesis.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Essential oils Extraction (Chemistry) Ginger
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Rosfadilla Mohamad Zainun
Date Deposited: 11 Aug 2010 04:24
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2015 07:47
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/807
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