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Delignification of banana stem waste in anaerobic conditions by using Bacillus cereus

Nur Husna, Baharuddin (2009) Delignification of banana stem waste in anaerobic conditions by using Bacillus cereus. Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang.

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Abstract

Today, the productions of biodegradable plastics are crucial due to the environment problems that keep escalating caused by conventional plastics. Many efforts have been done to reduce the cost of biodegradable plastic including by using waste as raw material. Production of biodegradable plastics by microorganism needs carbon sources. Several ranges of microorganisms have been tested for their ability to degrade lignin in order to obtain cellulose content to be used as carbon source. In this study, the submerged fermentation in anaerobic conditions of banana stem waste using Bacillus cereus and the capability of Bacillus cereus to delignify banana stem waste in anaerobic conditions are investigated. This study was divided into three parts which are the revival of Bacillus cereus, growth curve determination of Bacillus cereus, and delignification fermentation and analysis of Bacillus cereus. Fermentation was carried out anaerobically in batch mode at 30 oC and 37 oC. The analysis was done in accordance to Klason method. Results showed that Bacillus cereus was able to survive for 48 hours in anaerobic conditions and it is able to degrade lignin from banana stem waste. The optimum temperature for Bacillus cereus to degrade lignin was at 30 oC with average percentage of lignin degradation of 13.33 %.-Author-

Item Type: Undergraduates Project Papers
Additional Information: Project paper (Bachelor of of Chemical engineering (Biotechnology)) -- Universiti Malaysia Pahang - 2009
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lignin -- Biodegradation Biodegradable plastics Degradation
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Rosfadilla Mohamad Zainun
Date Deposited: 16 Aug 2010 03:27
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2015 07:47
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/837
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