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Effect of Water Content and Tween 80 to the Stability of Emulsified Biodiesel

Amir, Aziz and Asraf, Jusoh and R., Mamat and Abdul Adam, Abdullah (2014) Effect of Water Content and Tween 80 to the Stability of Emulsified Biodiesel. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 465 (466). pp. 191-195. ISSN 1662-7482

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Abstract

Emulsified biodiesel are often stabilized using a combination ratio water, biodiesel and surfactant in achieving stable emulsions. The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term stability of three phase oil-in-water-in-oil (O/W/O) with respect to the water content and Tween 80. Biodiesel emulsions containing 5 mL, 10 mL and 15 mL water were produce with combination of 95 mL, 90 mL and 85 mL B20 (80 % diesel + 20 % biodiesel) and surfactant by using a mechanical stirrer machine. The experimental results show that increasing concentration of Tween 80 more than 1.5g gave destructive effect on water in oil emulsion stability. In addition, lowering concentration of water content contribute to low polydispersity of emulsion which produced the high emulsification stability.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bio-Diesel, Emulsion Stability, O/W/O, Three Phase, Tween 80
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2015 04:03
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2018 00:10
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/9479
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