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Leak detection in gas pipeline based on time-frequency analysis

Nurul Fatiehah, Adnan (2016) Leak detection in gas pipeline based on time-frequency analysis. Masters thesis, Universiti Malaysia Pahang.

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Abstract

Pipelines are very important part of any engineering infrastructure. Gas leak is a prominent problem associated with pipelines and it is inevitable in many systems. Prevention of leak is important since gas leak will lead to deficiency and also effects the environment. The safety is one of the main reasons why leak detection is popular in research and development sector. Subsequently, many researchers studied various available methods for leak detection in gas pipeline. One of them is acoustic method. Leak in gas pipelines can be detected and located precisely using certain sensor. However, high fast alarm rate is the main problem in detecting leak. Non-stationary signal is produced by gas flowing in the pipeline, making the analysis of signal becomes more difficult. The scope of this research is detecting and locating leak in straight pipeline and L-bend. The experiments were conducted by injecting the sinusoidal wave into the pipeline and the reflection of the signal is collected by using a microphone. The data is acquired by DASYlab and analysed using Matlab software. The important element in this study is the signal echoes produced by the disturbance of gas flow with leak (defect) or Lbend (feature). Analysing the signal echoes is very closely related to signal processing. In conjunction to that, Hilbert transform (HT) and Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition (EEMD) or simply called as Hilbert Huang Transform (HHT) is applied to produce robust results. EEMD is adopted to decompose the signal into IMFs and each IMF is analysed using HT to get instantaneous phase and instantaneous frequency. Besides, the study has shown that HT provides accurate leak location with application of instantaneous phase and instantaneous frequency. Hilbert spectrum (HS) has successfully displayed the energy-time-frequency distribution in proper presentation. The percentage error for all experiment is below 5 percent. In conclusion, HHT is a promising signal processing method that can be used to analyse the echoes acquired from experiments, producing accurate leak location with this method, it is possible to identify leaks and also features in a pipeline network with acceptable errors for both leak and L-bend.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information: Thesis (Master of Engineering in Mechanical Engineering) -- Universiti Malaysia Pahang – 2016, SV: IR. DR. MOHD. FAIRUSHAM BIN GHAZALI, NO CD: 10747
Uncontrolled Keywords: gas pipeline; time-frequency
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Nurezzatul Akmal Salleh
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2017 03:34
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2017 03:34
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/18122
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