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Synthesis of Nanofiltration Membrane Developed from Triethanolamine (TEOA) and Trimesoyl Chloride (TMC) for Separation of Xylose from Glucose

Nurul Fatihah, Mahamad Roli and Wan Mohd Hafizuddin, Wan Yussof and Syed Mohd Saufi, Tuan Chik and Mazrul Nizam, Abu Seman and Abdul W., Mohammad (2017) Synthesis of Nanofiltration Membrane Developed from Triethanolamine (TEOA) and Trimesoyl Chloride (TMC) for Separation of Xylose from Glucose. Chemical Engineering Transactions, 56. pp. 1507-1512. ISSN 2283-9216

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Abstract

Synthesis of thin film composite (TFC) nanofilt ration (NF) membrane has experienced tremendous development since the concept of interfacial polymerisation (IP) was first introduced. One of its new application is on the separation of xylose from glucos e in biomass hydrolysate. In this present study, NF TFC membrane has been produced through interfacial poly merisation by manipulation the concentration of triethanolamine (TEOA) at 35 min reaction time with 0. 15 % w/v of trimesoyl chloride (TMC). The membrane was then characterised in term of their chemical and physical properties, and separation performance between xylose and glucose. The growth of thin layer f ilm depends on concentration of TEOA as the monomer and reaction time. As concentration of TEOA and re action time increased, the layer of the TFC becomes thicker thus decreases the permeability of the membrane. Contradicted to this study, the lowest and the highest permeability were recorded at 4 % w/v of TEOA and 8 % w/v of TEOA at reaction time of 35-min in TMC. The TFC membrane prepared with 4 % w/v TEOA has high in permeate flux, resultant in high xylose separation of 1.3. Low permeate flux but moderate xylose separation factor of 0.93 was obtained for the TFC membrane prepared with 8 % w/v TEOA.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Trimesoyl Chloride; nanofiltration (NF); triethanolamine (TEOA)
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Institute of Postgraduate Studies
Depositing User: Noorul Farina Arifin
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2018 03:29
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2019 07:47
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/19799
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