Nanofluid as coolant for grinding process: An overview

Kananathan, Jeeven and Samykano, Mahendran and Sudhakar, K. and Subramaniam, Shathiswara Rao and Selvamani, Sathish Kumar and Manoj Kumar, Nallapaneni and W. K., Ngui and K., Kadirgama and Azmi, W. H. and W. S., Wan Harun (2018) Nanofluid as coolant for grinding process: An overview. In: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, International Conference on Innovative Technology, Engineering and Sciences 2018 (iCITES 2018), 1-2 March 2018 , Universiti Malaysia Pahang (UMP) Pekan Campus Library, Malaysia. pp. 1-16., 342 (012078). ISSN 1757-8981 (Print), 1757-899X (Online)

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This paper reviews the recent progress and applications of nanoparticles in lubricants as a coolant (cutting fluid) for grinding process. The role of grinding machining in manufacturing and the importance of lubrication fluids during material removal are discussed. In grinding process, coolants are used to improve the surface finish, wheel wear, flush the chips and to reduce the work-piece thermal deformation. The conventional cooling technique, i.e., flood cooling delivers a large amount of fluid and mist which hazardous to the environment and humans. Industries are actively looking for possible ways to reduce the volume of coolants used in metal removing operations due to the economical and ecological impacts. Thus as an alternative, an advanced cooling technique known as Minimum Quantity Lubrication (MQL) has been introduced to the enhance the surface finish, minimize the cost, to reduce the environmental impacts and to reduce the metal cutting fluid consumptions. Nanofluid is a new-fangled class of fluids engineered by dispersing nanometre-size solid particles into base fluids such as water, lubrication oils to further improve the properties of the lubricant or coolant. In addition to advanced cooling technique review, this paper also reviews the application of various nanoparticles and their performance in grinding operations. The performance of nanoparticles related to the cutting forces, surface finish, tool wear, and temperature at the cutting zone are briefly reviewed. The study reveals that the excellent properties of the nanofluid can be beneficial in cooling and lubricating application in the manufacturing process.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Uncontrolled Keywords: grinding process; coolants; Nanofluid
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. Mahendran Samykano
Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2018 05:12
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2018 08:32
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