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Experimental investigation of heat transfer and friction factor of TiO2-SiO2 nanofluids in water:ethylene glycol mixture

M. F., Nabil and Azmi, W. H. and Abdul Hamid, K. and R., Mamat (2018) Experimental investigation of heat transfer and friction factor of TiO2-SiO2 nanofluids in water:ethylene glycol mixture. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 124. pp. 1361-1369. ISSN 0017-9310

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Abstract

This paper introduces the combination of two different nanoparticles suspended in the base fluid for the enhancement of forced convection heat transfer. The aims of the experimen tal study are to investigate the heat transfer performance and friction factor of TiO 2-SiO 2 nanofluids in a circular tube under turbulent flow. The TiO 2-SiO 2 nanofluids are prepared by using the two-step method for 0.5 to 3.0% volume concentration with nanop article mixture ratio of 50:50. The TiO 2-SiO 2 nanoparticles are dispersed in a base fluid of water/E G mixture with a 60:40 volume ratio. The forced convection heat transfer experiment is conducted under working temperatures of 30, 50 and 70C and a constant heat flux boundary condition. The heat transfer coefficient of TiO 2-SiO 2 nanofluids is enhanced with increase of volume concentration and temperature. It was observed that the maximum enhancement of convective heat transfer is 81% higher than the base fluid for a volume concentration and temperature of 3.0% and 70C, respectively. Furthermore, the friction factor of TiO 2-SiO 2 nanofluids is slightly increased with volume concentration,however insignificantl y. Finally, the regressi on correlation model of TiO2 -SiO 2 nanofluids was developed from the experimental results for the estimation of Nusselt number and friction factor.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Heat transfer; Friction factor; TiO2-SiO2 nanofluids; Water-ethylene glycol mixture; Hybrid nanofluids
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Faculty/Division: Centre of Excellence: Automotive Engineering Centre
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. Wan Azmi Wan Hamzah
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2018 08:49
Last Modified: 03 Jan 2019 01:45
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/21909
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