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Two-level factorial design for the extraction of phenolics and flavonoids from chromolaena odorata leaves

Alara, Oluwaseun Ruth and Nour, A. H. and Siti Kholijah, Abdul Mudalip and Olalere, Olusegun Abayomi (2018) Two-level factorial design for the extraction of phenolics and flavonoids from chromolaena odorata leaves. In: 4th International Conference Of Chemical Engineering And Industrial Biotechnology (ICCEIB 2018), 1-2 Aug 2018 , Seri Pacific Hotel, Kuala Lumpur. pp. 520-521.. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Chromolaena odorata (Bitter bush) belongs to the family Asteraceae. It is used as a source of medicine especially in Asia and West Africa countries [1]. Phenolic compounds are mostly distributed group of phytochemicals that possess a wide range of physiological activities like antiinflammatory, anti-cancer, vasodilatory effects, antioxidant, and among others [2]. Several phenolic compounds have been extracted and isolated from this plant, including vanillic acid, pcoumaric, protocatechuic, quercetin, luteolin, kaempferol, and among others [3]. The effects of microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) variables on the recovery yields of total phenolic content (TPC) and total flavonoid content (TFC) from Chromolaena odorata leaves were investigated using single factor experiment and two-level factorial design. The examined MAE variables were irradiation time, A (1-5 min), microwave power level, B (400-800 W), temperature, C (60-80 °C), solvent-feed ratio, D (8-14 ml/g) and ethanol concentration, E (20-60%). The obtained results showed that irradiation time (3.90 %), microwave power level (14.93 %) and ethanol concentration (17.21 %) significantly contributed to the recoveries of TPC and TFC from Chromolaena odorata leaves (Fig. 1). This implies that irradiation time, microwave power and ethanol concentration were significant (p < 0.05) in obtaining higher recoveries. Thus, the significant variables will be considered for the optimization process

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Extraction; Phenolics; Flavonoids
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Prof. Dr. Abdurahman Nour
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2018 06:34
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2018 06:34
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/21931
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