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Process optimization of methylene blue adsorption onto eggshell-treated palm oil fuel ash

Rosalyza, Hasan and C. C., Chong and Setiabudi, H. D. and Rohayu, Jusoh and A. A., Jalil (2019) Process optimization of methylene blue adsorption onto eggshell-treated palm oil fuel ash. Environmental Technology & Innovation, 13. pp. 62-73. ISSN 2352-1864

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Palm oil fuel ash (POFA) and eggshell (EG) were explored towards efficient methylene blue (MB) removal. Calcined EG, with a high content of CaO was used as a low-cost activation replacement for the alkali treatment of POFA. The adsorption performance of EG–POFA was studied by comparing its performance with untreated POFA, calcined EG and commercially treated Ca–POFA, and the competency was following the order of EG < POFA< EG–POFA ≈ Ca–POFA, indicating that EG effectively enhanced the efficiency of POFA. The response surface methodology (RSM) was executed to optimize the operating conditions of MB adsorption onto EG–POFA by investigating the effect of EG–POFA dosage (X1), initial pH (X2) and initial MB concentration (X3) towards MB removal (Y). X1 = 1.18 g/L, X2 = 6, and X3 = 182 mg/L, with Y = 80.36% were found to be optimal conditions. The experimental data disclosed that the MB adsorption onto EG–POFA was in accordance with the Langmuir isotherm model (qm = 714.29 mg/g) and followed pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The thermodynamic study discovered the endothermic and spontaneous natures of MB adsorption onto EG–POFA. This study discovered the feasibility of EG as an eco-friendly activation alternative for the alkali treatment towards remarkable MB adsorption.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: EG–POFA; Low-cost adsorbent; Methylene blue; Adsorption; Optimization
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Centre of Excellence: Centre of Excellence for Advanced Research in Fluid Flow
Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Noorul Farina Arifin
Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2018 07:59
Last Modified: 26 Nov 2018 08:01
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