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Catalytic upgrading of sugarcane bagasse pyrolysis vapours over rare earth metal (Ce) loaded HZSM-5: Effect of catalyst to biomass ratio on the organic compounds in pyrolysis oil

Balasundram, Vekes and Norazana, Ibrahim and Rafiziana, Md. Kasmani and Ruzinah, Isha and Mohd. Kamaruddin, Abd. Hamid and Hasrinah, Hasbullah and Roshafima, Rasit Ali (2018) Catalytic upgrading of sugarcane bagasse pyrolysis vapours over rare earth metal (Ce) loaded HZSM-5: Effect of catalyst to biomass ratio on the organic compounds in pyrolysis oil. Applied Energy, 220. pp. 787-799. ISSN 0306-2619

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Abstract

The main objective of the current work is to investigate the influence of catalyst to biomass ratio (by weight%) on the catalytic upgrading of sugarcane bagasse derived pyrolysis vapours over cerium (Ce) loaded Hydrogen exchanged Zeolite Socony Mobil-5 (HZSM-5) catalyst via in-situ fixed bed reactor. The temperature of pyrolysis was kept at 500 °C for all investigated samples. The HZSM-5 catalyst was used as a support with 1 wt% of Ce as promoter loaded via incipient wetness impregnation method. The biomass sample was fixed at 2 g, while the catalyst mass loading was loaded according to the catalyst to biomass ratio which are 0.5:1.0, 1.0:1.0, 1.5:1.0, and 2.0:1.0. For comparison, the non-catalytic and biomass catalytic over HZSM-5 catalyst was also pyrolyzed at the same operating conditions. The results show that the yields of pyrolysis oil and coke were significantly influenced by the use of Ce/HZSM-5 catalyst at various catalyst to biomass ratio than the catalytic pyrolysis over HZSM-5, in which generate higher pyrolysis oil yield (58.0–68.0 wt%) and lower coke yield (2.9–4.1%). The increasing loading of mass in Ce/HZSM-5 catalyst has additional effect with respect to C6–C8 hydrocarbon contents in pyrolysis oil than the catalytic samples over the HZSM-5 catalyst. Among the tested catalyst to biomass ratio, the catalyst to biomass ratio of 1.5:1 has demonstrated to be the potential candidates in the catalytic upgrading of sugarcane bagasse derived oxygenated pyrolysis vapours into higher content of C6–C8 hydrocarbons (2.45%) in pyrolysis oil with lower coke yield (3.2%) over Ce/HZSM-5 catalyst. The bi-functional Ce/HZSM-5 catalyst was more effective in suppressing the coke formation in comparison to HZSM-5 catalyst at all investigated catalyst to biomass ratios and this was attributed to the synergistic effect of Ce on HZSM-5 support.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sugarcane bagasse; HZSM-5 zeolite; Cerium; Oxygenates; Hydrocarbons
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2018 08:55
Last Modified: 03 Dec 2018 08:55
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/22972
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