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Microstructure, mechanical, and failure characteristics of laser-microwelded AZ31B Mg alloy optimized by response surface methodology

M. N. M., Salleh and M., Ishak and M. M., Quazi and Aiman, Mohd Halil (2018) Microstructure, mechanical, and failure characteristics of laser-microwelded AZ31B Mg alloy optimized by response surface methodology. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 9 (1-4). pp. 985-1001. ISSN 0268-3768 (Print), 1433-3015 (Online)

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Abstract

Thin sheets of magnesium alloys are finding promising applications in automotive, biomedical, and electronics industries, where joining of components requires fusion microwelding. In the present research, laser microbeam welding (LBW) of 0.6-mm-thick AZ31B Mg alloy was investigated based on response surface methodology to optimize tensile-shear strength. The effect of pulse energy (EP), welding speed (WS), and angle of irradiation (AOI) on geometrical and mechanical properties of the welds was studied. Shear-tensile tests of the samples under optimized welding parameters produced defect-free joint with the highest strength of 80.5 MPa corresponding to a fracture load of 800 N. Finer grains that were 12 times smaller than the as-received alloy were witnessed in the fusion zone with an average grain size of 1.5 μm. The enhancement in hardness of 77 HV was attributed to the microstructural refinement in the fusion zone consisting of elongated grain structure in the presence of α-Mg precipitates. Failure characteristics of joints revealed evaporative loss of alloying elements that resulted in the transgranular brittle fracture in the heat-affected zone.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Laser welding; Magnesium; Biomaterials; Mechanical properties; Fractography; Defects
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Mahadzir Ishak @ Muhammad
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2019 02:07
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2019 02:07
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/23297
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