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Heat transfer performance of TiO2-SiO2 nanofluids in a tube with wire coil inserts

K., Abdul Hamid and Azmi, W. H. and R., Mamat and Sharma, K. V. (2019) Heat transfer performance of TiO2-SiO2 nanofluids in a tube with wire coil inserts. Applied Thermal Engineering, 152. pp. 275-286. ISSN 1359-4311

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Abstract

The compound technique that combines nanofluids with wire coil inserts has proven itself in achieving double augmentation in heat transfer. This paper presents the thermal hydraulic performance of TiO2-SiO2 nanofluids with wire coil inserts. The experiments were conducted for Reynolds number from 2300 to 12,000 to determine the heat transfer performance and friction factor of TiO2-SiO2nanofluids with wire coil inserts. The TiO2-SiO2 nanofluids were prepared by using the two-step method for volume concentrations of 0.5–3.0%. The wire coil inserts are designed at various ratios of pitch over diameter (P/D) in the range of 0.83–4.17. The heat transfer performance of nanofluids was enhanced for a maximum of 254.4%, while the friction factor was obtained in the range of 1.76–6.38 times higher than water/EG in a plain tube. The thermal performance factor (TPF), η for the nanofluids with wire coil inserts at all volume concentrations was observed greater than 1.0. The optimum performance of TiO2-SiO2 nanofluids with wire coil occurred at 2.5% volume concentration and 1.50 pitch ratio. At this condition, the TiO2-SiO2 nanofluids with wire coil inserts provide the highest TPF and represent the best condition for cooling system applications.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Heat transfer; Thermal hydraulic performance; TiO2-SiO2 nanofluids; Hybrid nanofluids; Wire coil inserts
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2019 08:48
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2019 08:48
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/24393
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