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Support Vector Machine to predict diesel engine performance and emission parameters fueled with nano-particles additive to diesel fuel

Ghanbari, M. and Najafi, G. and Ghobadian, B. and R., Mamat and M. M., Noor and A., Moosavian (2015) Support Vector Machine to predict diesel engine performance and emission parameters fueled with nano-particles additive to diesel fuel. In: 3rd International Conference of Mechanical Engineering Research (ICMER 2015), 18-19 August 2015 , Kuantan, Pahang. pp. 1-8., 100 (012069). ISSN 17578981

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Abstract

This paper studies the use of adaptive Support Vector Machine (SVM) to predict the performance parameters and exhaust emissions of a diesel engine operating on nanodiesel blended fuels. In order to predict the engine parameters, the whole experimental data were randomly divided into training and testing data. For SVM modelling, different values for radial basis function (RBF) kernel width and penalty parameters (C) were considered and the optimum values were then found. The results demonstrate that SVM is capable of predicting the diesel engine performance and emissions. In the experimental step, Carbon nano tubes (CNT) (40, 80 and 120 ppm) and nano silver particles (40, 80 and 120 ppm) with nanostructure were prepared and added as additive to the diesel fuel. Six cylinders, four-stroke diesel engine was fuelled with these new blended fuels and operated at different engine speeds. Experimental test results indicated the fact that adding nano particles to diesel fuel, increased diesel engine power and torque output. For nano-diesel it was found that the brake specific fuel consumption (bsfc) was decreased compared to the net diesel fuel. The results proved that with increase of nano particles concentrations (from 40 ppm to 120 ppm) in diesel fuel, CO2 emission increased. CO emission in diesel fuel with nano-particles was lower significantly compared to pure diesel fuel. UHC emission with silver nano-diesel blended fuel decreased while with fuels that contains CNT nano particles increased. The trend of NOx emission was inverse compared to the UHC emission. With adding nano particles to the blended fuels, NOx increased compared to the net diesel fuel. The tests revealed that silver & CNT nano particles can be used as additive in diesel fuel to improve complete combustion of the fuel and reduce the exhaust emissions significantly.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Carbon; Carbon dioxide; Carbon nanotubes; Diesel engines; Diesel fuels
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2019 04:02
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2019 04:02
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/24749
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