UMP Institutional Repository

Natural red colorant via solid-state fermentation of oil palm frond by Monascus purpureus FTC 5356: effect of operating factors

Farhan, Mohd Said and Nor Farhana, Hamid (2019) Natural red colorant via solid-state fermentation of oil palm frond by Monascus purpureus FTC 5356: effect of operating factors. Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, 14 (5). pp. 2576-2589. ISSN 1823-4690

[img]
Preview
Pdf
14_5_10.pdf

Download (648kB) | Preview

Abstract

Nowadays, natural colorants are valuable in many industries as an alternative to potentially harmful synthetic colorants. Synthetic colorants may cause serious side effects such as cancer and allergies to the human. The aim of the study is to identify the effects of operating factors on the red pigment produced by Monascus purpureus FTC5356 fermented on the treated agro-biomass. The agro-biomass used is oil palm frond (OPF). The study was conducted under the solid-state fermentation using one-factor-at-a-time (OFAT) approach. Five operational factors such as the initial moisture content of OPF (% IMC) (w/w), initial pH, supplementation of nitrogen source (w/w), the percentage of petiole to leaflet and inoculums size (spores/ml) were investigated. The highest production of red pigment was reached at day 8 (2.68 AU/g dry matter). The optimal red pigment production with the treated OPF substrate was achieved at the following operational factor values: 50% (w/w) IMC, pH 6 (3.68 AU/g dry matter), 2% (w/w) peptone, 100% (w/w) petiole, and inoculums size of 10^8 spores/ml. The environmental and nutritional conditions of the substrate have proven to play a significant role in producing the red pigment.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Colorants; Monascus purpureus; Oil palm fronds; Red pigments
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. Farhan Mohd. Said
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2019 00:18
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2019 00:18
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/26256
Download Statistic: View Download Statistics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item