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Design analysis of a piston for compressed natural gas (CNG) engine

Sulaiman, Alias (2008) Design analysis of a piston for compressed natural gas (CNG) engine. Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang.


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Engine pistons are one of the most complex components among all automotive or other industry field components. The engine can be called the heart of a car and the piston may be considered the most important part of an engine. There are lots of research works proposing for engine pistons, new geometries, materials and manufacturing techniques, and this evolution has undergone with a continuous improvement over the last decades and required thorough examination of the smallest details. Notwithstanding all these studies, there is huge number of damaged pistons. Damage mechanisms have different origins and are mainly wear, temperature, and fatigue related. Among the fatigue damages, thermal fatigue and mechanical fatigue, either at room or at high temperature, play a prominent role. This work is concerned only with the analysis of fatigue-damaged pistons. Pistons from diesel engines will be analyzed. Damages initiated at the crown, ring grooves, pin holes and skirt are assessed. A compendium of case studies of fatigue-damaged pistons is presented. An analysis of both thermal fatigue and mechanical fatigue damages is presented and analyzed in this work. A linear static stress analysis, using “Algor works”, is used to determine the stress distribution during the combustion. Stresses at the piston crown and pin holes, as well as stresses at the grooves and skirt as a function of land clearances are also presented. A fractographic study is carried out in order to confirm crack initiation sites.

Item Type: Undergraduates Project Papers
Additional Information: Project paper (Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering with Automotive) -- Universiti Malaysia Pahang - 2008
Uncontrolled Keywords: Internal combustion engines , Pistons
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Ms Affida Abu Bakar
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2010 02:30
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2015 06:16
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