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Effect of superficial air velocity on the fluidized bed drying performance of stingless bee pot-pollen

Luqman, Abdul Halim and Firdaus, Basrawi and Siti Norazualina, Faizal and Ahmmad Shukrie, Md Yudin and Mohd Yusof, Taib (2020) Effect of superficial air velocity on the fluidized bed drying performance of stingless bee pot-pollen. In: Symposium on Energy Systems (SES 2019), 1-2 October 2019 , Kuantan, Malaysia. pp. 1-5., 863. ISSN 1757-8981 (Print); 1757-899X (Online)

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Abstract

Stingless bees or “kelulut” also produce pot-pollen apart from honey. The pot-pollen is mixed with honey and bee secretion before stored in cerumen pots. It has high nutritive value and medicinal benefits. Pot-pollens are often neglected by the beekeepers due to difficulty in storing and preserving them due to high moisture content. Hence, fluidized bed dryer is proposed as a suitable method to dry and enable convenient storage and preservation of the pot-pollen. Pot-pollen sample of initial moisture content 30.5 % is dried at three superficial air velocities, 1.0 m/s, 1.5 m/s, and 2.0 m/s for 30 minutes. Fluidized bed drying has managed to decrease the moisture content down to 23.0 %, 20.5%, and 18.5 %, respectively. Higher superficial air velocity lead to higher drying rate in of pot-pollen. Hence, using a fluidized bed dryer to dry stingless bee pot-pollen is a promising method for preserving them. Subsequently, the dried pot-pollen can be easily commercialized in the future.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pot-pollen; Stingless bee; Fluidized bed dryer
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Ms. Ratna Wilis Haryati Mustapa
Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2020 03:03
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2020 03:03
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/27061
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