UMP Institutional Repository

Mechanical properties and fracture morphological observation of recycled polypropylene (rPP) filled dried banana leaves fibre (DBLF) composites : effects of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) surface treatment

Thinakaran, Narayanan and Jeefferie, Abd Razak and Intan Sharida, Othman and Noraiham, Mohamad and Mohd Muzafar, Ismail and Ramli, Junid (2020) Mechanical properties and fracture morphological observation of recycled polypropylene (rPP) filled dried banana leaves fibre (DBLF) composites : effects of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) surface treatment. In: 2nd Symposium on Intelligent Manufacturing and Mechatronics, SympoSIMM 2019, 8 July 2019 , Melaka, Malaysia. pp. 353-360.. ISSN 2195-4356 ISBN 9789811395390

[img]
Preview
Pdf
Mechanical properties and fracture morphological observation of recycled .pdf

Download (367kB) | Preview

Abstract

Disposal of after-used plastic based product has created worldwide problems on environmental pollution. This scenario has initiated the inventiveness to develop eco-friendly bio composites products. In this research, recycled waste polypropylene (rPP) was loaded with dried banana leaves fibre (DBLF), for rPP/DBLF composites fabrication. The effects of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) treatment on DBLF has studied based on the resulted mechanical and fracture morphological properties of produced rPP/DBLF composites. Dried banana leaves have been grounded into 30 µm of fibre length, and rPP was taken from injection moulding scrap and crushed into finer rPP particles. The rPP/DBLF composites are prepared through double steps compounding method by using a melting device (230 °C, 95 rpm, 60 min) followed by an injection moulding process (210 °C, 30 s of residence time) for various amount of treated and untreated DBLF fibre loading at 0, 10, 20, 30 and 40 wt%. It was found that the tensile strength (TS) of treated NaOH-rPP/DBLF composite has significantly increased into about + 45.20% with 30 wt% of DBLF-NaOH loadings, in comparison to unfilled rPP sample. Loading of NaOH treated DBLF into rPP was enhanced the strength result which indicates successful reinforcement effects introduced by DBLF-NaOH filler. This could be explained by finer DBLF particle morphology as observed by SEM and presence of OH group from the successful NaOH treatment, which responsibly encouraged the mechanical interlocking and chemical bridging with rPP, for improved matrix-filler interaction, that significantly increased the TS. In overall, this study has successfully highlighted the potential of DBLF filler to enhance the properties of rPP, as an additional choice of degradable plastic based composite for various promising applications.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: rPP; DBLF; Degradable plastics; Tensile; Fracture surfaces; NaOH; Surface treatment
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
College of Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs Norsaini Abdul Samat
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2020 06:50
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2020 06:50
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/27961
Download Statistic: View Download Statistics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item