Zero waste system comprised of fixed bed biofilm reactor, ozone oxidation, and electrodialysis desalination for wastewater sustainability

Al-Amshawee, Sajjad and Mohd Yusri, Mohd Yunus and R. M., Yunus and Lynam, Joan G. (2020) Zero waste system comprised of fixed bed biofilm reactor, ozone oxidation, and electrodialysis desalination for wastewater sustainability. Journal of Water Process Engineering, 38. pp. 1-15. ISSN 2214-7144. (Published)

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Wastewater processing mediates industrial and domestic wastes and supports societal, ecological, and economic values. Unfortunately, no single process alone is able to sustain wastewater processing. Thus, a Zero Waste System was devised combining fixed bed biofilm reactor (FBBR), ozonation, and electrodialysis to treat palm oil mill effluent (POME). The POME pollutants were biodegraded into smaller molecules inside the FBBR. This bioreactor was fully packed with Micro Media, Ultra Media, Kaldnes K1 micro, and green ammonia absorption stones. During the biodegradation, biogas and biomass were generated as valuable products. Ozonation oxidized all the FBBR effluents at an ozone dose of 15 mg/L for 24 h before being discharged for electrodialysis because bioremediation definitely does not decompose all suspended solids. Then, the electrodialysis received the ozonated effluents and electrically separated these biodegraded substances. The effluents of FBBR, ozonation, and electrodialysis were analyzed to find the chemical oxygen demand (COD), nitrogen ammonia (NH3–N), nitrite (NO2−), and nitrate (NO3−–N) concentrations. The Zero Waste System involving Micro Media-FBBR, ozonation, and 40 volts electrodialysis successfully produced a first-class effluent that had 0 mg COD/L and 0 mg/L nitrogen compounds. In addition, it had a 0 mg/L concentration of K, Ca, Mg, Mn, Fe, B, Zn, Cu, Br2, Cl2, O3, and SO42–. So, the effluent would be expected to be appropriate for drinking, irrigation, discharging, and recycling purposes. This integrated process achieved excellent wastewater treatment and thus could improve the ecosystem.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fixed bed biofilm reactor (FBBR); Biofilm carriers; Electrodialysis desalination; Zero Waste System; Ozonation
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Institute of Postgraduate Studies
Centre of Excellence: Earth Resources & Sustainability Centre (ERAS)
Faculty of Chemical and Process Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Noorul Farina Arifin
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2021 08:26
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2021 08:26
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