UMP Institutional Repository

Thermo‐catalytic conversion of greenhouse gases (CO2 and CH4) to CO‐rich hydrogen by CeO2 modified calcium iron oxide supported nickel catalyst

Hossain, Mohammed Anwar and Ayodele, Bamidele V. and Ong, Huei Ruey and Siti I., Mustapa and Cheng, C. K. and Khan, Maksudur R. (2020) Thermo‐catalytic conversion of greenhouse gases (CO2 and CH4) to CO‐rich hydrogen by CeO2 modified calcium iron oxide supported nickel catalyst. International Journal of Energy Research, 44 (8). pp. 6325-6337. ISSN 0363-907X (print); 1099-114X (online)

[img]
Preview
Pdf
Thermo‐catalytic conversion of greenhouse gases CO2 and CH4.pdf

Download (171kB) | Preview

Abstract

In this study, the thermo‐catalytic conversion of two principal greenhouse gases (methane and carbon dioxide) to carbon monoxide (CO)‐rich hydrogen (H2) is investigated over cerium oxide (CeO2) promoted calcium ferrite supported nickel (Ni/CaFe2O4) catalyst. The CeO2 promoted Ni/CaFe2O4 catalyst was prepared using wet‐impregnation technique. To ascertain the physicochemical properties, the as‐prepared catalyst was characterized using various instrument techniques. The characterization of the catalysts reveals that CeO2‐Ni/CaFe2O4 possesses suitable physicochemical properties for the conversion of methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) to CO‐rich H2. The thermo‐catalytic reaction revealed that the CeO2 promoted Ni/CaFe2O4 catalyst displayed a higher CH4 and CO2 conversions of 90.04% and 91.2%, respectively, at a temperature of 1073 K compared to the unpromoted catalyst. The highest H2 and CO yields of 78% and 76%, respectively, were obtained over the CeO2‐Ni/CaFe2O4 at 1073 K and CH4/CO2 ratio of 1. The CeO2 promoted Ni/CaFe2O4 catalyst remained stable throughout the 30 hours time on stream (TOS) while that of the unpromoted Ni/CaFe2O4 catalyst sharply decreased after 22 hours TOS. The characterization of the used catalysts confirms the evidence of carbon depositions on the unpromoted Ni/CaFe2O4 which is solely responsible for its deactivation. Whereas, there was a slightly gasifiable carbon deposited on the CeO2 promoted Ni/CaFe2O4 catalyst which could be ascribed to the interaction effect of the CeO2 promoter on the Ni/CaFe2O4 catalyst.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Calcium iron oxide; Ceria promoter; hydrogen; Methane dry reforming; Syngas
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Centre of Excellence: Centre of Excellence for Advanced Research in Fluid Flow
Institute of Postgraduate Studies
Faculty of Chemical and Process Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Mrs Norsaini Abdul Samat
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2021 05:05
Last Modified: 28 Apr 2021 05:05
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/31067
Download Statistic: View Download Statistics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item