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Synthesis of a novel terpolymer of (BA-co-SMA-co-MA) as pour point depressants to improve the flowability of the Malaysian crude oil

Elganidi, Ibrahim and Elarbe, Basem and Norida, Ridzuan and Norhayati, Abdullah (2020) Synthesis of a novel terpolymer of (BA-co-SMA-co-MA) as pour point depressants to improve the flowability of the Malaysian crude oil. Materials Today: Proceedings, 42 (1). pp. 28-32. ISSN 2214-7853

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Abstract

During the extraction of crude oil, the reservoir temperature is much higher than the surface temperature especially when the oil is transported cross subsea. Therefore, the flow of virgin oil gets impeded due to the precipitation of wax on the inner wall of pipelines when the temperature decreased below the wax appearance temperature (WAT) and the flow stops if the temperature falls below the pour point.Polymeric pour point depressants (PPD) have received considerable attention as a wax control approach to enhance the flowability of waxy crude oil. The aim of the current study is to synthesize a novel PPD of benhely acrylate-co-stearyl methacrylate-co-maleic anhydride (BA-co-SMA-co-MA) to improve the viscosity of Malaysian crude oil using free radical polymerization. The effect of polymerization parameters, such as reaction temperature, initiator concentration, experimental duration, and monomer concentration on the yield of the synthesized polymer was evaluated statistically with a one-factor-at-a-time (OFAT) approach. The performance of the prepared PPD was evaluated to determine its effects on the viscosity of crude oil using Brookfield DV-III viscometer. The experimental results showed that the optimum conditions to obtain the highest yield were at the reaction time of 8 h, initiator concentration of 1.5 wt%, reaction temperature of 100 �C, and monomers ratio of (BA:SMA: MA) 1:1:1. At the optimum conditions, the prepared terpolymer reduces the viscosity of crude oil from 7.2 mPa.s to 3.2 mPa.s at 30 �C using 1500 ppm. The significant reduction in the apparent viscosity indicated improvement in the lowtemperature flow properties of the crude oil after applying the synthesized PPD

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Wax deposition; pour point depressants; viscosity reduction; reaction parameters; wax inhibitor
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Institute of Postgraduate Studies
Faculty of Chemical and Process Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Ms. Ratna Wilis Haryati Mustapa
Date Deposited: 01 Sep 2021 09:24
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2021 09:24
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/31923
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