Effect of sodium hydroxide on mechanical characteristics of kenaf fibers reinforced concrete

Baarimah, A. O. and Sharifah Maszura, Syed Mohsin and Alaloul, W. A. and Ba-naimoon, M. S. (2021) Effect of sodium hydroxide on mechanical characteristics of kenaf fibers reinforced concrete. In: Journal of Physics: Conference Series; 1st International Conference on Engineering and Technology, ICoEngTech 2021 , 15 - 16 March 2021 , Perlis, Virtual. pp. 1-8., 1962 (1). ISSN 1742-6588 (print); 1742-6596 (online)

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This article shows the experimental analysis of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) effects on the mechanical properties upon the addition of kenaf fibres to the concrete mixture. The compression and flexural tests were carried out on seven different concrete mixtures for 28 days to evaluate the mechanical characteristics. Hence, the experimental trials comprise of seven different mixtures of concrete; the control (without the addition of kenaf fibre) was represented as the first mixture. The following six concrete mixtures contain different kenaf fibre volume fractions (1% and 2%); they were treated with 1%, 3% and 6% of sodium hydroxide concentrations in order to investigate their performances. The experimental results show that the compressive and flexural strengths of kenaf fibres reinforced concrete increase as sodium hydroxide concentration increases. Besides, it is worth noting that the addition of kenaf fibres has an insignificant effect on the compressive strength of the concrete owing to the reduction in concrete density. Therefore, the results of this study demonstrated that the concrete flexural strength increased to up to 12%) upon the addition of 1% kenaf fibre associated with 6% NaOH. Moreover, the failure state increasingly changed to ductile from brittle.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Compressive strength; Flexural strength; Kenaf fiber; Sodium hydroxide; Treatment
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TH Building construction
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Civil Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Mrs Norsaini Abdul Samat
Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2022 08:11
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2022 08:11
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/32584
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