Noise Eliminated Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition Scalogram Analysis for Rotating Machinery Fault Diagnosis

Faysal, Atik and Ngui, Wai Keng and Lim, Meng Hee and Leong, Mohd Salman (2021) Noise Eliminated Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition Scalogram Analysis for Rotating Machinery Fault Diagnosis. Sensors, 21 (23). pp. 1-29. ISSN 1424-8220. (Published)

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Rotating machinery is one of the major components of industries that suffer from various faults due to the constant workload. Therefore, a fast and reliable fault diagnosis method is essential for machine condition monitoring. In this study, noise eliminated ensemble empirical mode decomposition (NEEEMD) was used for fault feature extraction. A convolution neural network (CNN) classifier was applied for classification because of its feature learning ability. A generalized CNN architecture was proposed to reduce the model training time. A sample size of 64×64×3 pixels RGB scalograms are used as the classifier input. However, CNN requires a large number of training data to achieve high accuracy and robustness. Deep convolution generative adversarial network (DCGAN) was applied for data augmentation during the training phase. To evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed feature extraction method, scalograms from related feature extraction methods such as ensemble empirical mode decomposition (EEMD), complementary EEMD (CEEMD), and continuous wavelet transform (CWT) are classified. The effectiveness of scalograms is also validated by comparing the classifier performance using grayscale samples from the raw vibration signals. All the outputs from bearing and blade fault classifiers showed that scalogram samples from the proposed NEEEMD method obtained the highest accuracy, sensitivity, and robustness using CNN. DCGAN was applied with the proposed NEEEMD scalograms to further increase the CNN classifier’s performance and identify the optimal number of training data. After training the classifier using augmented samples, the results showed that the classifier obtained even higher validation and test accuracy with greater robustness. The proposed method can be used as a more generalized and robust method for rotating machinery fault diagnosis.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: convolution neural network; empirical mode decomposition; deep convolution generative adversarial network; continuous wavelet transform
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Faculty/Division: College of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr. Ngui Wai Keng
Date Deposited: 11 May 2022 02:40
Last Modified: 11 May 2022 02:40
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