Speed-flow-geometric relationship for urban roads network

Al-Bahr, Tareq M. and Sitti Asmah, Hassan and Othman, Che Puan and Nordiana, Mashros and Nur Sabahiah, Abdul Sukor (2022) Speed-flow-geometric relationship for urban roads network. Applied Sciences (Switzerland), 12 (9). pp. 1-23. ISSN 2076-3417. (Published)

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Speed on the urban roads is significantly affected by the surrounding geometric and traffic parameters. Based on this fact, we ascertained the impact of the geometric and traffic parameters on the average travel speed of the urban roads network. Herein, 197 urban road segments in Johor (Malaysia) with diverse features were randomly selected. The average travel speed and volume of the traffic on these road segments were measured using the moving observer method (MOM). Meanwhile, these roads’ features were recorded via the direct visual inspection. Various geometric (density of the traffic calming speed, right-turn driveway, access, and right-turn) and cross-sectional (median, number of lanes, and side friction) parameters were considered. First, 14 multilinear models constructed via multilinear regression analysis were developed for traffic volume scenarios (in veh/h and pcu/h). Then, 10 models were adopted to evaluate the geometric parameters’ influence on the average travel speed for the selected roads. The results revealed a considerable impact of some geometric and traffic parameters on the average travel speed for the studied urban roads. Furthermore, the density of traffic calming speed, driveway, and intersection per 1 km of urban road segment one for each parameter was found to reduce the speed of the vehicles from 1.3 to 0.22 km/h. The combination of the road cross-section features such as median, number of lanes, and side friction strongly affected the observed speed variation. It is asserted that the developed model may facilitate the Malaysian urban roads network management to provide better traffic performance with higher mobility and safer roads design and planning, thereby offering a gateway toward sus-tainability.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Average travel speed; Geometric and traffic parameters; MOM; Multilinear regression analysis; Urban roads network
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TE Highway engineering. Roads and pavements
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Faculty/Division: College of Engineering
Institute of Postgraduate Studies
Depositing User: Mr Muhamad Firdaus Janih@Jaini
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2022 04:50
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2022 04:50
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/34643
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