Development and assessment of cement and concrete made of the burning of quinary by-product

Syarif, Muhammad and Kırgız, Mehmet Serkan and Galdino, André Gustavo de Sousa and Naggar, M. Hesham El and Mirza, Jahangir and Khatib, Jamal and Kenai, Said and Nehdi, Moncef and Kinuthia, John and Khitab, Anwar and Thomas, Carlos and Gobinath, Ravindran and Hassan, Muhammad Irfan Ul and Wu, Yan Kai and Ashteyat, Ahmed and Soliman, Ahmed and Khairunisa, Muthusamy and Janardhanan, Thaarrini and Tagbor, Trinity Ama and Nguyen, Tuan Anh and Bheel, Naraindas and Kumbhalkar, Manoj A. and Tiwary, Chandra Sekhar (2021) Development and assessment of cement and concrete made of the burning of quinary by-product. Journal of Materials Research and Technology, 15. pp. 3708-3721. ISSN 2238-7854. (Published)

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The aim of this study is to evaluate the usability of new cement (NC) made by the burning of quinary by-product to make commercial binders. Chemical analysis of the by-products and NC as well as X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis of NC, fineness, density, consistency, and setting time of NC paste, and slump in addition to compressive strength (CS) and splitting tensile strength (STS) of NC concrete (NCC) were conducted. The results suggested that chemical composition of by-products is suitable to make NC binder. The NC contains Ca3SiO5, Ca2SiO5, Ca3Al2O6, and Ca3Al2FeO10. The particles passing through the 200 um Sieve were 56% compared with 52% for Portland cement (PC). The density of the of NC was similar to that of PC. The NC needed 48% more water than PC for normal consistency. The initial and final setting-time of NC was 105 min and 225 min respectively which is much higher than that of PC (15 and 45 min). The slump, compressive strength and splitting tensile strength were slightly lower for concrete containing NC compared with that pf PC concrete. Although the CS and STS of NCC are the lowest, the rate of the CS and STS gain of NCC is greater than that of PCC. It was concluded that NC is a viable alternative to PC for the production of greener concrete.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alternative cement; Bottom ash; Calcined clay waste; Fly ash; Household waste; Mediterranean soil
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TH Building construction
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Civil Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Mr Muhamad Firdaus Janih@Jaini
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2022 02:10
Last Modified: 26 Oct 2022 02:10
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