Methanolysis of Ceiba Petandra (Kapok) seed for high yield fatty acid methyl ester (FAME): A parametric study

Indah Thuraya, Herman and Faridah, Mukhrofun and Khairuddin, Md Isa and Naimah, Ibrahim and Mohd Aizudin, Abd Aziz (2021) Methanolysis of Ceiba Petandra (Kapok) seed for high yield fatty acid methyl ester (FAME): A parametric study. In: IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 1st International Conference on Biomass Utilization and Sustainable Energy 2020, 15-16 December 2020 , Virtual Conference, Universiti Malaysia Perlis (UniMAP). pp. 1-10., 765 (012075). ISSN 1755-1307

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Abstract

The feedstock that has high potential for biodiesel production was investigated. The ceiba petandra (CP) seed was used in this study as the feedstock. The methanolysis of the CP seed to produce high yield of Fatty Acid Methyl Ester (FAME) was studied. Hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) was used to produce the bio-crude from the CP with high ester yield. The gas chromatography- mass spectrometry was used to analyze the chemical content in the bio-crude. The highest oil yield was 44.68% which was obtained at 60 minutes reaction time, 300oC temperature and 4:1 methanol/ oil mass ratio. The optimum parameters for the highest ester content (67.33%) was obtained at 60 minutes reaction time, 300 oC temperature and 3:1 methanol/oil mass ratio. It is observed that CP seed has potential for the production of biodiesel.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodiesel; Esterification; Fatty acid methyl ester; Hydrothermal liquefaction; Methanolysis
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
College of Engineering
Faculty of Chemical and Process Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Mr Muhamad Firdaus Janih@Jaini
Date Deposited: 28 Oct 2022 04:14
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2022 04:14
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/35398
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