Synthesis of aluminum chloride hexahydrate/polyvinyl alcohol catalyst for biodiesel production

F. Ismail, Nur Ishami and Sulaiman, Sarina and Kabbashi, Nassereldeen A. and Sulaiman, Siti Zubaidah (2020) Synthesis of aluminum chloride hexahydrate/polyvinyl alcohol catalyst for biodiesel production. In: Materials Today: Proceedings; 3rd International Conference on Separation Technology, ICoST 2020, 15 -16 August 2020 , Johor. pp. 1273-1279., 47 (171967). ISSN 2214-7853

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Abstract

The replacement of traditional diesel fuels with an alternative energy source like biodiesel is an excellent choice to lessen the depletion of non-renewable energy source such as fossil fuels. For application of low-cost heterogeneous catalyst for generation of biodiesel, most of waste-based catalysts are derived from inexpensive CaO resources. In this research, heterogeneous catalyst aluminum chloride hexahydrate (AlCl36H2O)/PVA was synthesized from aluminum foil wastes supported by PVA. Transesterification was used to produce biodiesel from waste cooking oil (WCO). The effect of aluminum chloride hexahydrate (AlCl36H2O)/PVA catalyst towards the yield percentage of FAME was investigated using three different operating conditions. Parameters optimized in transesterification included methanol to oil ratio (6:1, 12:1 and 18:1), reaction temperature (55°, 60°, and 65°), and amount of catalyst (2 wt%, 5 wt%, and 8 wt%). The findings showed that the catalyst loading of 2 wt%, methanol to oil molar ratio of 6:1, and temperature of 55° yielded the highest biodiesel yield from WCO. This study proves that heterogeneous catalyst aluminum chloride hexahydrate (AlCl36H2O)/PVA can replace homogeneous catalysts and to simplify the manufacturing of biodiesel, especially in the separation phase.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aluminium foil; Aluminum chloride hexahydrate/polyvinyl alcohol; Biodiesel; Heterogeneous catalyst; Waste cooking oil
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Muhamad Firdaus Janih@Jaini
Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2023 07:00
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2023 07:00
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/35605
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