Fractionation of oleochemical fatty acid using vacuum dividing wall column : A controllability analysis

Mohamad Rizza, Othman (2019) Fractionation of oleochemical fatty acid using vacuum dividing wall column : A controllability analysis. In: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering; 1st Process Systems Engineering and Safety Symposium 2019, ProSES 2019, 4 September 2019 , Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia. pp. 1-9., 702 (1). ISSN 1757-8981

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Abstract

Dividing wall column (DWC) provides a good alternative for oleochemical fractionation. However, the internal configuration and multiple input multiple output (MIMO) system of DWC leads to complexity in operation and control. This work aims to analyze the controllability of fractionating oleochemical fatty acid using vacuum dividing wall column (VDWC). To achieve this, Aspen Plus and Aspen Dynamics were used to develop a rigorous steady state and dynamic model of the column. Five manipulated variables (MVs) were considered namely reflux flowrate (L), distillate flowrate (D), bottom flow rate (B), side-stream flowrate (S) and vapor boilup (V) while controlled variables (CVs) were the product compositions. Pairing of MV and CV to determine the best 3×3 control configuration was performed using relative gain array (RGA) and singular value analysis (SVA). The selected control structure was tested on PID controllers for several regulatory and servo problem. The results of RGA and SVA shows that DSV was the best control configuration. Performance analysis was found to be successful in rejecting the disturbances as well as obtaining good set point tracking. However, distillate and bottom composition shows poor controllability compare to middle composition.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Control configuration; Controllability analysis; Controlled variables; Dividing wall columns; Manipulated variables; Operation and control; Performance analysis; Singular-value analysis
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical and Process Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Mr Muhamad Firdaus Janih@Jaini
Date Deposited: 24 May 2023 04:11
Last Modified: 24 May 2023 04:11
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/35833
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