Geraniol quality improvement on citronella oil as raw material for making anti-bacterial perfumes

Rihayat, Teuku and Suryani, Suryani and Hasanah, Uswatun and Nurhanifa, Nurhanifa and Siregar, J. P. and Jaafar, J. and Cionita, Tezara and Fitria, Fitria (2020) Geraniol quality improvement on citronella oil as raw material for making anti-bacterial perfumes. In: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering; 5th International Conference on Mechanical Engineering Research 2019, ICMER 2019, 30 - 31 July 2019 , Vistana Hotel, Kuantan. pp. 1-12., 788 (012028). ISSN 1757-8981

Geraniol quality improvement on citronella oil as raw material for making anti-bacterial perfumes.pdf
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (738kB) | Preview


In this study, optimization was carried out to increase the levels of geraniol compounds present in citronella oil using vacuum distillation. Geraniol is a compound that has been legalized by IFRA (Fragrance International Research Association) as a scent compound, Geraniol has been studied in addition to having a pleasant fragrance, geraniol is also very effective in inhibiting bacterial growth. So geraniol is a reference to use it as formulated as a raw material for anti-bacterial products, but the levels of geraniol in citronella oil are still very low. This is what encourages the processing of fragrant citronella oil to be processed, by increasing geraniol levels using a vacuum distillation method, with variations in pressure: 8mmHg, 6mmHg, 4mmHg, 1mmHg during the operating time: 20 minutes; 40 minutes; 60 minutes and until Final boiling point. The samples were analysed using GC-MS (Gas Chromatography of Mass Spectrometry, FTIR (Fourier Transform Infra-Red Spectrophotometer), refractive index, and bacterial testing of research products. The results showed that higher temperature usage had an effect on increasing geraniol levels and showed that This vacuum distillation method is quite effective. Geraniol concentrations before and after isolation increased by 38%. namely from 20.32% to 57.39%. This shows that this method is quite effective in increasing geraniol concentrations in fragrant citronella oil. Analysis of FTIR shows 3365.78 cm-1 according to the hydroxyl polymer group (OH).

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anti-bacterial perfume; Citronella oil; Geraniol; Vacuum distillation.
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Faculty/Division: Institute of Postgraduate Studies
Faculty of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Mr Muhamad Firdaus Janih@Jaini
Date Deposited: 08 May 2023 03:08
Last Modified: 08 May 2023 03:08
Download Statistic: View Download Statistics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item