Performance investigation of solar collector with cotton-based cnc and graphene hybrid nano fluids

Abu Shadate, Faisal Mahamude (2022) Performance investigation of solar collector with cotton-based cnc and graphene hybrid nano fluids. PhD thesis, Universiti Malaysia Pahang (Contributors, Thesis advisor: Wan Sharuzi, Wan Harun).

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Efficient use of natural resources such as waste cotton is getting increasingly essential that have each financial and environmental advantages. Nanoparticles into thermal fluid structures have been extensively taken into consideration as a promising technique to decorate heat transfer and heat efficiency enhancement. The aim of this research investigates the impact of using new advanced hybrid nanofluids as running fluid in a flat plate solar collector (FPSC) to replace the traditional water-primarily based fluid. The study reflects the renewable energy opportunities. The significant action to enhance the efficiency of the solar collector is to redesign the flat plate solar collector, cotton waste collection, nano-cellulose preparation from spinning waste cotton. By hydrolysing sulphuric acid from waste cotton, nanocellulose was created. Secondly, ethylene glycol-based graphene, CNC, and hybrid nanofluids have been used to replace the working fluid inside the header and riser tubes, the different volume concentrations of nano and hybrid nanofluids were considered such as 0.1%, 0.3%, and 0.5%. Finally, the thermal performance of these new transport mediums in flat plate solar collectors has been investigated. This investigation is divided into several phases, including measurement and evaluation of distinct thermo-physical properties of graphene, CNC, and hybrid nanofluids such as stability, thermal conductivity, viscosity, specific heat, density, and pH; implementation of nanofluids in the solar collector; a numerical simulation based on the experimental design; measurement of the efficiency enhancement percentage by different mathematical equation and at last optimization of the process. Overall, the viscosity goes to the downtrend in regards to temperature. The maximum viscosity deviation shows in the temperature 30°C at 0.5% CNC nanofluid compare with graphene and hybrid nanofluids and minimum was base fluid. Specific heat of graphene 0.1% line going top of the graph and 0.1% CNC almost bottom of the graph. Among the hybrid nanofluids 0.1% gave high result and highest pick at 80°C. It has been shown that nanofluid density is always steady around 1 g/m3. Thermal Analysis: At 80°C hybrid nanofluid of 0.3% and 0.5%, volumetric fraction possesses thermal conductivity of 0.86 Wm-1K-1 and 0.89 Wm-1K-1 respectively. Thermal conductivity increases in terms of temperature and graphene hybrid nanofluid absorb more heat than other fluids. 0.3% Graphene Hybrid nanofluids showed highest Nusselt number among the hybrid at temperature 30°C, which created most convection of heat transfer. Highest position was 0.3% CNC at the temperature of 30°C of Prandtl number which illustrated quicker heat diffusion. Hybrid nanofluids reflex more considerable and reliable energy gain and efficiency enhancement and highest pick point was 80°C, 0.5% hybrid nanofluids efficiency 15.86% and energy gain 128.39. CFD simulations in ANSYS were used to analyze and compare the numerical dispersion of the computational domain's selected parameters, such as mesh type and calculation approaches. The results show that graphene and graphene hybrids can significantly boost the performance of flat plate solar collector. The theoretical thermal efficiency of the flat plate solar collector has finally been computed and compared with other study.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Additional Information: Thesis (Doctor of Philosophy) -- Universiti Malaysia Pahang – 2022, SV: Ts. Dr. Ir. Wan Sharuzi Wan Harun, NO. CD: 13287
Uncontrolled Keywords: cotton-based cnc, graphene hybrid nano fluids
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Faculty/Division: Institute of Postgraduate Studies
College of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr. Nik Ahmad Nasyrun Nik Abd Malik
Date Deposited: 23 May 2023 08:32
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2023 08:04
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