Spatio-temporal characteristics of energetic lightning in southeast asia : Preliminary statistical results

Akama, Shunsuke and Hobara, Yashuhide and Amir Izzani, Mohamed and Gomes, Chandima and Shiokawa, Kazuo and Hirai, Shu and Kikuchi, Hiroshi and Stock, Michael (2022) Spatio-temporal characteristics of energetic lightning in southeast asia : Preliminary statistical results. In: Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering; 6th International Conference on Electrical, Control and Computer Engineering, InECCE 2021 , 23 August 2021 , Kuantan, Pahang. pp. 317-327., 842 (274719). ISSN 1876-1100 ISBN 978-981168689-4

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The region of Southeast Asia is known as one of the lightning-prone areas in the world. However, spatial and temporal distributions of high-energy lightning discharges, which cause natural disasters e.g. significant damages to local power grid systems and forest fires, are still unknown. This paper reports initial results on the statistical characteristics of energetic lightning around Malay Peninsula. Highly accurate timing and location as well as lightning peak current (Ip ) of lightning strokes were obtained by ENTLN (Earth Networks Total Lightning Network), while the vertical charge moment change Qds as a proxy of high-energy lightning was derived by using ground-based ELF magnetic field observations in Pahang, Malaysia with a small threshold of less than 10 C•km. The characteristics of energetic lightning for both rainy and dry seasons were successfully derived for the first time in this region. The results indicate that highly energetic lightning occur frequently throughout the rainy and dry seasons, mainly over the Malacca Strait. Long-term statistical analysis with an extended data analysis period is necessary to understand further the seasonal and yearly dependences of energetic lightning and their relations with local climate conditions.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Charge moment change; ELF; ENTLN; Lightning stroke
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Faculty/Division: College of Engineering
Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Mr Muhamad Firdaus Janih@Jaini
Date Deposited: 08 Dec 2023 03:38
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2023 03:38
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