Effect of processing parameters on cellulose content extracted from pineapple leaf

Mohamad Shaiful, Abdul Karim and Norazwina, Zainol and Nur izaty Ak'ma, Abu Hassan As'ari and Nurhafizah, Abu Talip Yusof and Nor Hazwani, Aziz (2022) Effect of processing parameters on cellulose content extracted from pineapple leaf. Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology, 42 (102339). pp. 1-12. ISSN 1878-8181. (Published)

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The development of dielectric materials from natural fibers of high cellulosic materials could potentially reduce environmental pollution and human health risk due to their biodegradability and non-carcinogenic properties. Comprehending the important process parameters is always challenging in material development to produce a dielectric material with great performance. Therefore, this research aims to evaluate the effect of processing parameters on cellulose extraction from pineapple leaves and determine the most significant parameters contributing to the extraction process and its corresponding permittivity value. The soda pulping method was used in cellulose extraction, and the content was analyzed by the Kurschner-Hanack method. The one-factor-at-a-time analysis was adopted to study the effect of pulping time on cellulose content while keeping the other parameters constant. The two-level factorial analysis was used to determine the significant parameters and the best conditions for the cellulose extraction with pineapple leaf to soda ratio (1:5 and 1:10), soda concentration (5 and 10 wt%), temperature (60 and 100 °C), and pulping time (46–75 min) as processing parameters. The results showed that the pineapple leaf to soda ratio was the most significant parameter in cellulose extraction. A maximum cellulose value of 40.51% was obtained at 1:5 pineapple leaf to soda ratio, 10 wt% soda concentration, 100 °C temperature, and 75 min of pulping time, contributing to a 1.6626 permittivity value. Therefore, the best extraction conditions and significant process parameters determined in this study can be used to tailor the parameters to the desired conditions for a higher cellulose yield and permittivity value.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cellulose content; Factorial analysis; Permittivity; Pineapple leaf; Soda pulping
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
T Technology > TS Manufactures
Faculty/Division: Institute of Postgraduate Studies
Faculty of Chemical and Process Engineering Technology
Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technology
Faculty of Manufacturing and Mechatronic Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Mr Muhamad Firdaus Janih@Jaini
Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2024 08:50
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2024 08:50
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/40117
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