English language speaking anxiety among Afghan University students

Bakhtyari, Mohammad Basir and Hafizoah, Kassim (2022) English language speaking anxiety among Afghan University students. Journal of Curriculum and Teaching, 11 (8). pp. 238-249. ISSN 1927-2677. (Published)

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Background/purpose: English language plays an important role in Afghanistan higher education. Proficiency in English as the language of communication is becoming progressively important for the development of higher education. However, speaking in English is one of the anxiety provoking skills for most of Afghan learners. This study therefore aims to investigate Afghanistan undergraduate English and literature students' perceptions on foreign language speaking anxiety, and its components of communication apprehension (CA), fear of negative evaluation (FNE) and test anxiety (TA). Method: An adapted version of Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Scale (FLCAS) and an interview protocol were used to investigate 302 Afghan students' foreign language anxiety. Results/conclusion: The findings suggested that the students experienced a moderate level of anxiety. The female students had higher level of foreign language anxiety (FLA) than male students. The study further revealed that CA was the highest factor which contribute to students' FLCAS. The study found no statistically significant differences between the university location and components of FLA. This means that the students either from Kabul as the capital or from Bamyan as a central province experienced FLA. Furthermore, the components of FLA significantly correlated to each other. The findings suggest facilitating short and long-term training for both teachers and students to employ effective strategies on reducing the level of anxiety in English language classes.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anxiety; English; Foreign language; Speaking; Student
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
P Language and Literature > PB Modern European Languages
P Language and Literature > PE English
P Language and Literature > PL Languages and literatures of Eastern Asia, Africa, Oceania
Faculty/Division: Center for Modern Languages
Depositing User: Mr Muhamad Firdaus Janih@Jaini
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2024 07:34
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2024 07:34
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/40249
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