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A Study on microwave - assisted extraction of patchouli essential oil : effect of hexane as solvent

Leong, Nguk Foong (2008) A Study on microwave - assisted extraction of patchouli essential oil : effect of hexane as solvent. Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang.

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Abstract

The objective of this research was to extract patchouli essential oil with microwave assisted extraction (MAE) by using hexane as solvent extraction. This research focuses on effect of varying microwave power at 300 W, 400 W and 500 W at different time of extraction and influence of dielectric properties on extraction of patchouli oil. Hexane was used because it is a good extraction solvent Patchouli or Pogostemon cablin accumulates large amounts of essential oil. Patchouli oil contains sesquiterpene alcohols as its main active component or also known as patchoulol. In this research, the methods used were drying, grinding, extraction, separation and analysis. From the research, the optimum yield of patchoulol was 82.166% at microwave power 400 W and time extraction of 10 minutes and the major components of Pogostemon Cablin were patchoulol, α-bulnesene, α-guaiene and β-patchoulene.-Author

Item Type: Undergraduates Project Papers
Additional Information: For FULL TEXT, email umplibrary.ir@gmail.com. Enclosed with full name, institution, country, position (student, lecturer, researcher or others) and the purpose of obtaining full text thesis.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Extraction (Chemistry) , Essences and essential oils
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Rosfadilla Mohamad Zainun
Date Deposited: 14 Apr 2010 06:17
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2015 06:03
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/514
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