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Separation technique of crude palm oil at clarification area via optimum parameters

Nurulhuda, Kasim (2009) Separation technique of crude palm oil at clarification area via optimum parameters. Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang.

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Abstract

The purpose of clarification is to separate the oil from its entrained impurities such as water, cell debris, fibrous material and non oily solid (N.O.S). In this study, optimum parameter such as temperature, effect of impeller, residence time and separation technique of crude palm oil is at clarification stage is determined. By using correct separation technique and condition, mill can maximize oil production and reduce oil losses. In this experimental, CPO are heated at 50°C, 60°C, 70°C, 80°C, 90°C, 110°C and 120°C for optimum temperature determination using water shaker batch. Experimentally, the results proved that by using 95°C for heating, CPO took the shortest time for separation. Difference size beakers also tested while separation. As larger the surface area of beaker, shorter time is taken for CPO separation. Otherwise the volume of CPO is directly proportional to the separation time. The present of impeller also enhances the separation of oil and sludge thus reduced the oil content in underflow while the pure oil obtained is increased.

Item Type: Undergraduates Project Papers
Additional Information: Project paper (Bachelor of Chemical Engineering) -- Universiti Malaysia Pahang - 2009
Uncontrolled Keywords: Separation (Technology)
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Rosfadilla Mohamad Zainun
Date Deposited: 22 Aug 2010 23:22
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2015 07:47
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/862
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