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PI/NCC carbon membrane : effect of additives loading towards hydrogen separation

Norazlianie, Sazali and R., Mamat and J. P., Siregar and T., Gunawan and W. N. W., Salleh and N. A. H. M., Nordin (2020) PI/NCC carbon membrane : effect of additives loading towards hydrogen separation. In: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering; Energy Security and Chemical Engineering Congress (ESChE) 2019, 17-19 July 2019 , Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. pp. 1-8., 736 (022002). ISSN 1757-8981 (Print), 1757-899X (Online)

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Abstract

Incorporating thermally labile polymer-based additives is a facile and practical approach in developing superior carbon membranes. In this study, three different thermally labile polymers, microcrystalline cellulose (MCC), nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC), and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), were introduced separately to P84-copolyimide (PI) solution as additive and their impact on membrane performance were investigated. Firstly, NCC was added as the membrane pore former for hydrogen gas (H2) separation. The addition of NCC significantly increased pore channels in the membrane, hence contributed to high gas permeance and selectivity. The tests involving pure H2 and N2 permeation were carried out at room temperature. Carbon membranes carbonized at a final temperature of 800°C with the heating rate of 3°C/min under Ar flow achieved the greatest H2/N2 selectivity of 434.68±1.39, hence proving the potential of NCC as a good additive.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Renewable resources; Carbon membranes; Microcrystalline cellulose (MCC); Nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC); Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Centre of Excellence: Centre of Excellence for Advanced Research in Fluid Flow
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. Norazlianie Sazali
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2020 06:52
Last Modified: 10 Mar 2020 07:03
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/28078
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