UMP Institutional Repository

3D CFD study on hydrodynamics and mass transferphenomena for SWM feed spacer with different floating characteristics

Toh, K. Y. and Liang, Y. Y. and Lau, W. J. and Weihs, G. A. Fimbres (2020) 3D CFD study on hydrodynamics and mass transferphenomena for SWM feed spacer with different floating characteristics. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 159. pp. 36-46. ISSN 0263-8762

3D CFD study on hydrodynamics and mass transferphenomena1.pdf

Download (117kB) | Preview


Enhancing the efficiency of reverse osmosis (RO) applications through the design andmodification of spacer geometries for spiral wound membrane (SWM) modules remainsa challenging task. In this work, four 3D feed spacer geometries with different degrees of“floating” characteristics are studied using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulationsto investigate the mechanisms that result in shear stress and mass transfer enhancement.The modelled data reveal that the floating ratio (Rf) is not a determining factor for masstransfer enhancement, as the transport mechanism is more strongly dependent on othergeometric characteristics, such as a 2- or 3-layer design. The analysis confirms our hypothesis, as the middle filament in a 3-layer design disrupts the formation of the large streamwisevortex located downstream of the intersection between the top and bottom filaments at Reh200. This explains why 3-layer spacers (both woven and non-woven) show lower Sherwoodnumber (Sh) than a 2-layer woven (2LW) spacer at Reh200. However, at a smaller Reh(<100),the vortical flow for 2LW is rather weak as a result of reduced membrane region with fluidmixing caused by creeping flow. This has led to the smaller Sh of 2LW compared to the3-layer spacer.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: CFD; spiral wound module floating spacer; mass transfer
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Institute of Postgraduate Studies
Faculty of Chemical and Process Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Ms. Ratna Wilis Haryati Mustapa
Date Deposited: 25 Jun 2020 04:04
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2020 08:27
Download Statistic: View Download Statistics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item